Major industrial belts in India are
Industrial Belts in India #1
The Hooghly Belt
This industrial belt has many jute textiles, cotton textiles, chemicals, engineering, paper, leather industries, etc. Kolkata is a major city in this belt. Proximity to the coal and iron ore mines of Jharkhand and Bihar, cheap labour, freshwater of River Hooghly has made this an important industrial belt of the region.
Industrial Belts in India #2
The Mumbai–Pune Belt
Cotton textile mills, oil refineries, chemical and fertilizer industries, etc. are located in this belt. The development of hydroelectricity in the Sahyadris and the availability of cheap labour from Gujarat and Maharashtra have made this an important industrial belt. Further, the port of Mumbai facilitates the transport facilities in and out of the region.
Industrial Belts in India #3
The Ahmedabad–Vadodara Region
Ahmedabad has emerged as a major centre of cotton textile industries. This region has many industries such as chemical and fertilizer industries, plastics industries, and engineering industries for goods and services. The availability of skilled and unskilled labour has made it an important industrial region.
Industrial Belts in India #4
The Chennai–Coimbatore–Bengaluru Region
Cheap and skilled labour, availability of cotton, and large markets have made this region an important industrial belt. Chennai, Coimbatore, and Madurai are important centres of the belt.
Industrial Belts in India #5
The Chotanagpur Plateau Region
This region covers parts of West Bengal and Jharkhand. This region is rich in minerals such as iron ore, coal, manganese, bauxite, and mica. Jamshedpur, Bokaro, and Durgapur are some important centres of steel production. Asansol, Ranchi, and Dhanbad are some important centres of metallurgy and heavy industries. Because of the presence of rich deposits in this region, many industries are located here.
Industrial Belts in India #6
The Mathura–Delhi–Saharanpur–Ambala Region
Two separate belts between Faridabad and Ambala in Haryana and Mathura and Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh merge in and around Delhi. The region has cotton textile, glass industry, chemicals and fertilizers, sugar, and engineering industries. The cheap availability of raw materials, good transport system, and large markets have led to the establishment of many industries in the region.
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Rapid industrialization is required to make India self-sufficient and self-reliable for fulfilling all its needs and requirements.
Geographical and commercial factors affecting the location of industries are 1. Industries are mostly established in areas which are located close to the fields of raw materials