Do you know? Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by U.S. aircraft, killed about 3,20,000 Japanese men, women, and children. The use of Atom Bomb by the U.S. was considered by several people an abominable act, not only because of the number of people that the two atom bombs slaughtered but also because of the very use of the new weapons of mass destruction.
Anyhow, the prediction of the scientists that the use of the Atom Bomb would lead to a mad race for producing atomic weapons came true. It is not surprising that today there is a race among nations for producing Atom Bombs because of its superiority as a war weapon. The rich and developed nations spend more money in making these bombs today, than for producing or providing medical facilities to their people.
The Entry of USA into the War
America remained neutral during the beginning of the war. It had a naval fleet at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii. Japan was fearful of the American naval fleet at Pearl Harbour. On 7 December 1941, Japan carried a surprise aerial attack on the American naval fleet at Pearl Harbour. The battleships were sunk and important airfields were attacked. However, Japan did not destroy the ship repair facilities at the base and did not destroy the US carriers. About 3700 people were killed in the attack. This incident aroused the indignation of the Americans, and thus, the latter joined the Second World War on 8 December 1941.
Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Americans began their drive to liberate the islands in the Southwest Pacific. The American navy and air force destroyed the Japanese fleet, but Japan firmly held its position in Manchuria and in other places of China. The Japanese in the Philippines were offering stiff resistance to the American forces. The US by this time had developed an atomic bomb. After much debate, a decision to drop bombs on Japan was taken. On 6 August 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. It destroyed half of the city and thousands of people were killed. The American government asked Japan to surrender, but the latter refused. The USA dropped another atomic bomb on Nagasaki on 9 August 1945. The Japanese government surrendered without any conditions. This brought an end to the Second World War.
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