Discretion of the Executive and that of the Chief Justice of India has been reduced in Appointments and Transfers of Judges: The President can transfer any Judge from one High Court to another. But it requires these conditions to be fulfilled. First, orders for transfer can be issued after consulting the Chief Justice of India. Second, the Chief Justice of India’s recommendation must be made in consultation with four senior-most Judges of the Supreme Court. Third, the views of the Chief Justices of the High Courts—one from which the transfer is taking place and another from which the transfer is to be effected must also be obtained. Fourth, when a Judge has been transferred, he shall be entitled to a compensatory allowance in addition to his salary.
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The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more
The High Courts and Subordinate Courts
The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more