Explain briefly man’s progress from the stone age to that of civilization

QUESTION: Explain briefly man’s progress from the stone age to that of civilization

ANSWER: The period between 4000 and 3000 BC saw remarkable progress. Man acquired greater knowledge and skill in mastering the forces of nature. He took to agriculture and began to make more efficient tools and started living more or less a settled life on the banks of rivers. So a number of dispersed farming villages evolved first into towns and then into cities. The river valleys had the agricultural potential needed to support a dense population and produce surplus food. The surplus food freed some people from the task of producing their own food. Such individuals gradually became specialists and developed a substantial range of new skills such as writing, using metals and making their alloys, seal making, and large-scale construction. Such knowledge and skill Are enabled people to advance to a new stage in the progress of civilization.

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