Explain the significance of (i) Security of Tenure. (ii) Salaries of the Judges

Question: Many provisions of the Constitution are intended to secure the independence and impartiality of the High Courts. In this context explain the significance of each of the following provisions: (i) Security of Tenure. (ii) Salaries and allowances of the Judges.


(i) Security of Tenure: A Judge can remain in office till he has attained the age of 62 years. He: can be removed by the President on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity on an address of each House of Parliament. Such an address (request) should be supported by a majority of the total membership of the House and by two-thirds of the members present and voting.

(ii) Salaries and allowances of the Judges: Judge’s salaries, allowances, etc., shall not be varied to their disadvantage during their term of office. Moreover, they are charged on the Consolidated Fund of the State and are not subject to a vote of the Legislature. The salaries of the Judges cannot be reduced except during periods of financial emergency.


The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more

The High Courts and Subordinate Courts

The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more

Discover more from Home of learning

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading

Scroll to Top