Littoral Forests in India

Climatic Conditions: Littoral forests are found in wet marshy areas, in river deltas, and swampy areas along the sea coasts.

Distribution: Littoral forests are mainly found in the deltas of large rivers on the eastern coast and in saline swamps of the Sundarbans in West Bengal and the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

Characteristic Features of Littoral Forests

  • These forests have evergreen species of trees generally varying in height.
  • The trunks of trees are supported by several stilt roots which are submerged under water. There is also a rich growth of climbers.

Important Species of Trees

  • Some important species of trees are keora, amur, sundari, bhara and canes.
  • Mangrove trees are used for fuel.
  • Sundari trees are used for construction purposes and in boat making.

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