Littoral Forests in India

Climatic Conditions: Littoral forests are found in wet marshy areas, in river deltas, and swampy areas along the sea coasts.

Distribution: Littoral forests are mainly found in the deltas of large rivers on the eastern coast and in saline swamps of the Sundarbans in West Bengal and the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

Characteristic Features of Littoral Forests

  • These forests have evergreen species of trees generally varying in height.
  • The trunks of trees are supported by several stilt roots which are submerged under water. There is also a rich growth of climbers.

Important Species of Trees

  • Some important species of trees are keora, amur, sundari, bhara and canes.
  • Mangrove trees are used for fuel.
  • Sundari trees are used for construction purposes and in boat making.


Alpine Forests in India

Alpine forests are found at an altitude of 2800–4000 m. Alpine forests are found in high altitudes of the Himalayas running from the northwest to the northeast frontiers.

Montane Forests in India

Montane forests grow in mountainous regions. As the temperature decreases with an increase in height, there is a change in the cover of the natural vegetation at altitude

Tropical Deciduous Forests in India

Tropical Deciduous Forests grow in regions that receive rainfall between 200 cm and 100 cm. The annual temperature varies from 24°C to 27°C.

8 Methods for Conservation of Forests

The Conservation of Forests is necessary to protect wildlife and promote biodiversity as they play an important role in controlling humidity, temperature, and precipitation.

What is Social Forestry?

Social forestry refers to the management and protection of forests with the help of local communities. Three components of social forestry are

What is Agroforestry?

Agroforestry is an agricultural practice that involves the cultivation of trees. It is a land management system in which trees or shrubs are planted and grown among crops or in pasturelands.

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