Answer: Pressure tactics used by UNO with South Africa to give up the policy of Apartheid
The Security Council adopted the following measures when the question of Massacre at Sharpeville on 21st March 1960 was referred to it by 29 African and Asian countries:
(i) It called upon the South African Government to abandon the policy of Apartheid.
(ii) It formed a Trust Fund to provide relief to persons suffering under South Africa’s repressive and discriminatory laws.
(iii) 21st March was declared to be the International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination to commemorate the Sharpeville incident in 1960.
(iv) In 1967 the United Nations Educational and Training Programme for Southern Africa provided scholarships to black students of South Africa, Namibia, and Southern Rhodesia for study and training abroad.
(v) The General Assembly urged the States to terminate diplomatic and official relations economic and other cooperation with South Africa.
(vii) On 30th November 1973 International Convention on Suppression and Punishment of Crime of Apartheid was adopted by the General Assembly. The convention provided international responsibility against the crime of Apartheid.
(vii) In 1974 General Assembly rejected South Africa’s credentials and recommended the exclusion of South Africa from participation in all international organizations, conferences held under the auspices of the United Nations as long as it continued its policy of Apartheid.
(viii) 11th October 1976 was declared to be Day of Solidarity with South African Political Prisoners to condemn the shooting of demonstrators in Some to in June 1976 which involved, killings of Africans including school children too.
(ix) On 4th November, 1977 arms embargo against South Africa was made mandatory.
(x) In December 1977 International Declaration against Apartheid was adopted in sports. This called on the States to cease sporting contacts with any country practicing Apartheid.
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