The release of radioactive substances into the atmosphere, water, and soil mainly because of human activities is known as radioactive pollution. Sources of radioactive pollution are
Sources of Radioactive Pollution
- X-rays are used for detecting skeletal disorders. X-rays are harmful to human health because these rays can pass through genetic cells which affect chromosomes. This can hamper the development of the brain and can even cause mutations.
- Mining of radioactive ores: The mining of ores like uranium produces radioactive by-products resulting in radioactive pollution.
- The use of Uranium 235 and Plutonium 239 while testing nuclear weapons leads to the emission of radioactive wastes. These radioactive particles are then carried away by the wind to different places or are brought down by rain. This results in soil pollution which in turn pollutes water. Aquatic organisms then consume these radioactive wastes which are passed onto humans by the food chain.
- In atomic and nuclear power plants, fuels and coolants are sources of radioactive pollution. The radioactive wastes emitted by these power plants are extremely dangerous for living organisms.
- Radioactive isotopes are used in research laboratories. Used water from these laboratories pollutes various water bodies.
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