There are many theories regarding the origin of the Harappan Civilisation. While some scholars believe that the civilization came into existence because of the sudden migration of people into the Indus basin, many believe that the Harappan Civilisation was not indigenous. Recent research has shown that the civilization was an extension of local villages. The town planning of the Harappan Civilization is discussed below.
Town planning of Harappan Civilization
Each city of the civilization was divided into two parts —the elevated area known as the citadel and the lower town. The citadel was separated from the lower town by a wall. Important buildings such as the Great Bath, granary, and assembly hall were located in the citadel.
Roads of the Harappan Civilization were well laid in straight lines which intersected each other at right angles. The main road in Mohenjo-Daro was about 10.5 meters wide and 800 meters long.
The cities of Harappa are known for their well-developed drainage system. They were laid out in straight lines and had a gentle slope so that water could flow through.
Drains in the houses were connected to the bigger drains in the streets. Drains were covered and had inspection holes at a regular distance to clean them.
The Harappan Civilization is called so because the civilization was first unearthed at Harappa in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. In 1862, Sir Alexander Cunningham noticed the traits of the cities. Read more
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