Woollen Industry in India

More than 80% of woollen mills are located in northern India. The main centres of woollen production are Delhi, Srinagar, Kanpur, Dhariwal, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Gwalior. The woollen industry in India is not as developed as the cotton textile industry because the demand for woollen clothes is less as they are required only for three to four winter months mainly in northern India. Peninsular India does not experience extreme winters; hence, the demand for woollen clothes in these regions is low.

Problems Faced by the Woollen Industry

  • India is a tropical country, and hence, woollen clothes are required only during the winter months in northern India.
  • Many people in India are poor and cannot spend on purchasing costly woollen clothes.
  • Good quality wool in India has to be imported. Synthetic fibres are replacing woollen industries.
  • Because cotton and synthetic clothes are more in demand, capitalists prefer to invest in cotton industries.
  • Many steps have been taken to improve the woollen industry in India. The government has started encouraging the production of good quality wool in India. Various sheep-breeding farms have been set up in northwest India. Merino and Corriedale sheep are imported and reared in the country.

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