Advantages of Biogas

Biogas is a renewable source of energy that is generated by anaerobic degradation (breaking down of organic matter by bacteria in the absence of oxygen) of plant and animal wastes in presence of water. Biogas is composed of methane, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and hydrogen sulphide. The advantages of Biogas are

Advantages of Biogas

  • Biogas is a clean, non-polluting and cheap source of energy.
  • There is direct supply of gas from the plant, therefore, there is no storage problem.
  • The sludge left behind is a rich fertiliser containing bacterial biomass.
  • The Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources has been promoting the Biogas Pragramme in India. It has set up a number of bio gas plant across the country.

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Conventional Sources of Energy

Coal is an important mineral in India. It occurs as a sedimentary rock in association with carbonaceous shale, sandstone, and fine clay. Coal was formed by the decomposition of large land plants and trees buried under the Earth about 300 million years ago. Read more

Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

Non-conventional sources of energy are also known as renewable or alternative sources of energy. These resources have been developed in the recent past as an alternative to conventional or non-renewable sources of energy. Some examples are wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, tidal energy, and biogas. Non-conventional resources are known as energy resources of the future. Read more

Water Resources

India is a land of many rivers, lakes, lagoons, and ponds. These resources account for 4% of the world’s water resources. In India, water is mainly used for drinking, irrigation, household, and industrial purposes. Read more

Industries in India

The opening of the Tata Iron and Steel Company in Jamshedpur in 1907 was an important event in the history of industrialization in India. At present, India is the fifth-largest producer of crude steel in the world. Read more