History Class 9

The Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire was highly centralised as all the powers were vested in the king. The Mughal kings were considered the vice regent of God on the Earth. The king was the head of the Executive, Legislature, Judiciary and Army.

Local Self-Government -Rural

Local self-government refers to the management of local affairs by local bodies which are elected by the local people. In villages, the local institution which manages the affairs of the village is known as Panchayat, while in towns and cities, it is known as Municipal Corporation and Municipality.


An election is a procedure through which people elect their own representatives to form and run the government. In democracies, elections are contested on party lines

Our Constitution

The Constitution is a comprehensive document which contains the set of rules according to which a country is governed. It defines powers and regulations for all the three organs of the government—the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.

The Reformation

The Reformation created a split in the Christian Church. People who remained loyal to the Church came to be known as Catholics, and those who opposed the Catholic Church established separate churches for themselves.

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