The Mughal Empire was highly centralised as all the powers were vested in the king. The Mughal kings were considered the vice regent of God on the Earth. The king was the head of the Executive, Legislature, Judiciary and Army.
History Class 9
Local self-government refers to the management of local affairs by local bodies which are elected by the local people. In villages, the local institution which manages the affairs of the village is known as Panchayat, while in towns and cities, it is known as Municipal Corporation and Municipality.
Directive principles are guidelines to be followed by the government in the governance of the country. They are included in Part IV of the Constitution under Articles 36–51. These principles include ideas, deep human thought, belief and knowledge.