The Constitution provides for a High Court for each State. Parliament may, however, establish a common High Court for two or more States/Union Territories. This depends on the area and the population to which a High Court has to serve and the amount of work it has to handle. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. The composition of a High Court is discussed below
Composition of a High Court
Each High Court consists of a Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President of India may appoint from time to time. Besides, the President has the power to appoint:
(i) Additional Judges for a temporary period not exceeding two years, for the clearance of arrears of work in a High Court;
(ii) an acting Judge when a permanent Judge (other than the Chief Justice) is temporarily absent or unable to perform his duties or is appointed to act temporarily as Chief Justice. The acting Judge holds office until the permanent Judge resumes his office.
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The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more
The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more