Criminal courts deal with cases related to murder, robbery, theft, assault, etc. The criminal courts can be classified into the following categories:
It is the highest criminal court and is presided by the District Judge. The court deals with serious offenses.
Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate:
It deals with less serious offenses and cannot award the life or death sentence.
Court of First Class Magistrate:
It deals with less serious cases and can award up to three years of sentence or fine up to Rs 5000.
Court of Second Class Magistrate:
These courts can sentence a person to imprisonment for up to two years or can levy fines up to Rs 1000.
Court of Third Class Magistrate:
These courts deal with quarrels or rioting. These courts can sentence a person to imprisonment for up to one month or can levy fines up to Rs 50. India has a single integrated judicial system which means that appeals from the lower courts can be made to the higher courts.
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