Criminal Courts in India

Criminal Courts

Criminal courts deal with cases related to murder, robbery, theft, assault, etc. The criminal courts can be classified into the following categories:

Sessions Court:

It is the highest criminal court and is presided by the District Judge. The court deals with serious offenses.

Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate:

It deals with less serious offenses and cannot award the life or death sentence.

Court of First Class Magistrate:

It deals with less serious cases and can award up to three years of sentence or fine up to Rs 5000.

Court of Second Class Magistrate:

These courts can sentence a person to imprisonment for up to two years or can levy fines up to Rs 1000.

Court of Third Class Magistrate:

These courts deal with quarrels or rioting. These courts can sentence a person to imprisonment for up to one month or can levy fines up to Rs 50. India has a single integrated judicial system which means that appeals from the lower courts can be made to the higher courts.


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