Equatorial Low Pressure Belt

Equatorial Low-Pressure Belt lies between 0°N to 5°N and 0°S to 5°S.

  • Because the vertical rays of the Sun fall on the Earth, the heat is intense and the temperature is high. The air becomes warm and expands.
  • The convection currents help spread the heat to the upper layers of the atmosphere also.
  • This leads to the creation of a low-pressure belt in the region. Winds in this pressure belt do not blow at a fast pace, and hence, Equatorial Low Pressure Belt is known as the Belt of Calms or the Belt of Doldrums.

Also, Read Pressure belts and types of winds

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