Non Profit Organizations (NPOs) are formed with the basic motive of rendering services and with the welfare-motive. A few examples of Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) are charitable trusts, hospitals, schools, temples, social clubs, and sports clubs. These organizations are managed and governed by the person(s) who are known as trustees. Now the question is, How do Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) Sustain themselves?
How do Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) Sustain?
At this stage, you might think about how Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) can survive, as they do not earn profit. Well, this should not be misunderstood as NPOs operate for the welfare motive, so they do not earn profit. In fact, such organizations do have earnings in form of subscriptions and donations that they get from their members and other public. For all NPOs, subscriptions and donations constitute the basic source of income. For instance, think of a temple or a gurudwara, which gets donations and subscriptions from its devotees. These amounts are then used by the temple to meet its various expenses.
Similarly, there are many other NPOs such as sports clubs, social clubs, schools, etc. providing various services. It should be noted that besides rendering services to society, sometimes, NPOs also carry out trading activities. For example, a cricket club may have a canteen being run on its premises. In this way, the club will be earning profit by selling confectioneries in the canteen. The profit so earned cannot be taken up by the trustees. In fact, this profit will only be utilized for achieving the goals and the betterment of the organization.
Any interest paid on capital is considered as an expense and is shown in the Profit and Loss Account. Treatment of interest on capital in the final accounts is as follows.
Treatment of interest on drawings in the final accounts is as follows. Firstly, interest in drawings is shown on the credit side of the Profit and Loss Account.
Operating Profit can be defined as the profit earned by carrying the normal business activities. It is computed by subtracting the operating expenses from the gross profit.
The balance sheet is the last financial statement that is prepared by any organization. This statement helps to ascertain the true financial position of an enterprise at the end of an accounting period
A profit and Loss Account is the second financial statement prepared by an organization. This account is prepared to ascertain the net results of a firm in form of net profit earned or net loss incurred during an accounting period.
In order to incorporate adjustments in the financial statements, we pass the required Journal entries, which are termed as adjusting entries.