Write in brief about the Human Rights Commission and its role

Many developing countries like India have set up a Human Rights Commission and Human Rights Court for better protection of Human Rights. In India, it was constituted in 1993.

Functions of the Human Rights Commission

The main functions of the Commission are:

(i) To inquire into complaints of violations of Human Rights.
(ii) To review acts of terrorism that obstruct the enjoyment of Human Rights.
(iii) To promote the research in the field of Human Rights.
(iv) To encourage the efforts of non-Governmental Organisations working in the fields of Human Rights.
(v) In India it has all the powers of a Civil Court and can summon, witnesses and receive evidence on affidavits.


Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Human rights refer to freedoms and rights which should be available to all human beings irrespective of their caste, class, gender, and religion. These rights include the right to life, the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to equality, the right to education, etc. Read more

The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more

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