As the Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority, it can review any law passed by the government and can declare it null and void if it violates any provision made in the Constitution. This is known as the power of judicial review. The Supreme Court has the power to review all national and state laws and executive orders and declare them null and void if they do not confirm the spirit of the Constitution.
Judicial review is an important power of the Supreme Court because of the following reasons:
- In a federal setup like that of India, if any disputes arise between state and central governments, the Supreme Court can settle disputes between them.
- In the Constitution, a law may be ambiguously written. The question of interpretation of law may arise and the Supreme Court has the power to settle disputes.
- At times, the Supreme Court may not have the required wisdom and experience to explain laws. This work can be done easily by the Supreme Court.
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The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more