Mean and Median

The mean value of a variable is defined as the sum of all the values of the variable divided by the number of values. The mean of ungrouped or raw data is given by Mean =sum of observations/Number of observations. Mean and Median PDF Download PDF

Construction of Polygons

A quadrilateral can be constructed when the following measurements are given:(i) Four sides and one diagonal(ii) Three sides and two diagonals(iii) Four sides and one angle(iv) Three sides and two consecutive angles Construction of Polygons PDF Download PDF

Congruent Triangles

A triangle is a simple closed figure made up of three line segments. A triangle has six parts or elements, namely: a) Three sides and b) Three angles. The point of intersection of two adjacent sides of a triangle is called a vertex. A triangle has 3 vertices. A median of a triangle is the …

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A circle is a locus of a point that moves in such a way that its distance from a fixed point is always constant. The fixed point is called the center of the circle. The line segment joining any two points on a circle is called a chord of the circle. A chord of a …

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Surface Area and Volume of 3-D Solids

Anything which occupies space and has a definite shape is called a solid. The surface area of a solid is the sum of the areas of all its faces. The space occupied by a solid object is the volume of that object. Surface Area and Volume of 3-D Solids PDF Download PDF


Facts or figures collected with a definite purpose are called data. Statistics deals with collection, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data. Arranging data in order to study their salient features is called the presentation of data. Data arranged in ascending or descending order is called arrayed data or an array. The range of the …

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