Organic farming is a system of farming that employs organic inputs for the cultivation of crops. Unlike conventional farming, organic farming does not make use of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides for crop growth. Instead, it employs organic inputs such as animal manure and compost. Organic farming is practiced to produce non-poisonous and chemical-free food for consumers. At the same time, Organic farming ensures that the fertility of the soil is maintained. The principles of Organic Farming are as follows
Principles of Organic Farming
Organic farming is based on the following four broad principles.
- Principle of Health
- Principle of Ecology
- Principle of Fairness
- Principle of Care
Principles of Organic Farming #1
Principle of health: The farming techniques used in organic farming and the crops produced should be such that the health of one and all is sustained. It is said that the health of human beings is directly linked to the health of the ecosystem. Organic farming protects the ecosystem. A healthy ecosystem enhances the health of human beings. Organic farming is known to produce healthy and nutritious food while simultaneously maintaining the ecosystem.
Principles of Organic Farming #2
Principle of ecology: Organic farming is based on ecology, its processes, and cycles. Organic farming techniques should sustain the ecological balance. This implies that Organic farming should give due importance to the protection of the environment.
Principles of Organic Farming #3
Principle of fairness: Organic farming should promote equity among human beings. Organic farming should provide healthy, nutritious, and good-quality food for all. Moreover, the use of natural resources should be both socially and ecologically fair. Due importance must be given to the needs of not only the present generation but also the future generations.
Principles of Organic Farming #4
Principle of care: Organic farming must accord the utmost importance to the care of the environment as well as of human beings. For instance, new techniques for enhancing productivity and efficiency must be developed, but they should not be at the cost of the health of the ecosystem and the overall well-being of individuals.
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