The speaker of the Lok Sabha is the presiding officer of the House. He/she is elected from among the members of the Parliament after the general elections. After his/her elections, the speaker has to act impartially. The Speaker is elected for a term of five years. A Deputy Speaker looks after the proceedings of the House if the Speaker is absent or his/her seat falls vacant.
Functions of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
(Related to conducting the business of the House)
- The Speaker presides over the business of the House and allots time for discussions. His decision in all parliamentary matters is final.
- All bills passed by the Lok Sabha have to be signed by the Speaker.
- He puts issues to vote and announces the results.
- The Speaker decides if a bill is an ordinary bill or a money bill.
- The Speaker receives all petitions and documents in the House.
- He communicates all decisions which are taken in the House to the concerned authority.
- The speaker maintains order in the House. He can suspend a member or in the case of the serious disorder may adjourn the House.
- If indecent words are used by the members, the Speaker may order not to use such words in the future.
- The Speaker decides in accordance with the Constitution if a member stands disqualified under the Anti-Defection Law. His decision is considered final.
- The Speaker presides over some Committees of the House such as the Business Advisory Committee and the Rules Committee.
- He appoints the Chairmen of all committees in the House and issues directions to them.
- The Speaker presides over the joint sessions of both Houses.
- He presides over the Conference of Presiding Officers of Legislative Bodies in India.
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The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more