The speaker of the Lok Sabha is the presiding officer of the House. He/she is elected from among the members of the Parliament after the general elections. After his/her elections, the speaker has to act impartially. The Speaker is elected for a term of five years. A Deputy Speaker looks after the proceedings of the House if the Speaker is absent or his/her seat falls vacant.
Functions of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
(Related to conducting the business of the House)
- The Speaker presides over the business of the House and allots time for discussions. His decision in all parliamentary matters is final.
- All bills passed by the Lok Sabha have to be signed by the Speaker.
- He puts issues to vote and announces the results.
- The Speaker decides if a bill is an ordinary bill or a money bill.
- The Speaker receives all petitions and documents in the House.
- He communicates all decisions which are taken in the House to the concerned authority.
- The speaker maintains order in the House. He can suspend a member or in the case of the serious disorder may adjourn the House.
- If indecent words are used by the members, the Speaker may order not to use such words in the future.
- The Speaker decides in accordance with the Constitution if a member stands disqualified under the Anti-Defection Law. His decision is considered final.
- The Speaker presides over some Committees of the House such as the Business Advisory Committee and the Rules Committee.
- He appoints the Chairmen of all committees in the House and issues directions to them.
- The Speaker presides over the joint sessions of both Houses.
- He presides over the Conference of Presiding Officers of Legislative Bodies in India.
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