Temperate Grasslands

Vegetation that grows in a natural region without any human interference is known as natural vegetation. A natural region is a basic geographic unit that is characterized by its common natural features of geography, geology, and climate. Climate is a basic factor upon which natural regions are divided. It influences flora, fauna, and vegetation in the region. Climate is classified on factors such as temperature, winds, pressure, humidity, rainfall, landforms, types of soil, natural vegetation, and wildlife. Based on these factors, the world is divided into various natural regions such as the equatorial region, tropical grasslands, tropical deserts, tropical monsoon type of climate, the Mediterranean region, China type of climate, temperate grasslands, temperate deserts, and taiga and tundra regions.


Temperate Grasslands


Natural Vegetation and Animals

  • Both kinds of grasses-tall and coarse and short and nutritious—are found in the region.
  • Herbivores animals such as bison, wild asses, antelopes and horses are found in the region. Kangaroos are found in Australia.

Climate of Temperate Grasslands

  • Climate is of semiarid type on account of low rainfall.
  • In the interiors, the temperature drops considerably during the winters. Chinook, a local wind, brings about a sudden increase in the temperature leading to the melting of snow.

Human Adaptation

  • The temperate grasslands are known as the ‘granaries of the world’. The climate is ideal for wheat cultivation and hence is grown in large quantities.
  • Cotton and maize are also grown.

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