The specific abbreviation used to denote the name of an element is called its symbol.
In 1807, John Dalton, a scientist, tried to name the various elements based on pictorial symbols. Symbols of some elements as proposed by Dalton are shown in the diagram.
In 1814, the Swedish Chemist Jöns Jakob Berzelius devised a system using letters of the alphabet. He put forward certain points for presentation.