The Tundra Regions

Vegetation that grows in a natural region without any human interference is known as natural vegetation. A natural region is a basic geographic unit that is characterized by its common natural features of geography, geology, and climate. Climate is a basic factor upon which natural regions are divided. It influences flora, fauna, and vegetation in the region. Climate is classified on factors such as temperature, winds, pressure, humidity, rainfall, landforms, types of soil, natural vegetation, and wildlife. Based on these factors, the world is divided into various natural regions such as the equatorial region, tropical grasslands, tropical deserts, tropical monsoon type of climate, the Mediterranean region, China type of climate, temperate grasslands, temperate deserts, and taiga and tundra regions.


The Tundra Region


Natural Vegetation the Tundra

  • As the land mostly remains covered with snow, only few plants survive in the climate.
  • Only mosses, lichens and sedges are found in the region. Trees are not found in this region.
  • Grasses grow only in the coastal lowlands.

The Tundra Climate

The region is characterized by long and severe winters and cool brief summers.

Human Adaptation

  • Crops cannot be cultivated in the region because these regions are permanently covered with snow throughout the year.
  • Semi-nomadic people who live in the tundra regions of Greenland, northern Canada and Alaska are known as Eskimos.
  • They get food from fish, seals and polar bears.
  • They hunt reindeer which provide them with milk, meat, fat, skin and bones

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