Top 5 Effects of Global Warming

The rise in the global mean temperature of the Earth is known as global warming. In the 20th century, the global mean temperature has increased by approximately 0.6°C. Rising global temperature leads to changes in the rainfall patterns in the world. While some areas may experience recurrent droughts, some regions may experience regular flooding. The Main Effects of Global Warming are

Effects of Global Warming

Effects of Global Warming #1

Melting of Snow and the Rise in the Sea Level

Global warming has raised the temperature of the Earth. This has resulted in the melting of glaciers and the consequent rise in the sea level. The rise in the sea level results in

  • Coastal erosion
  • Coastal flooding
  • Threat to coastal structures
  • Increase in salinity of the estuaries and aquifers

Effects of Global Warming #2

Change in the Pattern of Precipitation

Warming of the atmosphere increases the rate of evaporation and the moisture-carrying capacity of winds. It has been predicted by scientists that the warming of the troposphere and the cooling down of the stratosphere will influence the pattern of precipitation over vast regions in coming years. This could result in an increased level of rainfall at higher latitudes during the summers and winters. During winters, however, the rainfall may decrease in areas of lower latitudes.

Effects of Global Warming #3

Imbalance in Radiation

Life is possible on the Earth because of the balance maintained between the incoming and outgoing radiation of the Sun. Any change in this balance will impact many life forms. It is also feared that global warming may gradually lead to the death of trees replacing them with scrub vegetation, which generally grows in regions experiencing high temperature and scanty rainfall.

Effects of Global Warming #4


It is estimated that global warming may influence the pattern of cultivation. While some crops may witness increased production, other crops may see a decline in their productivity.

Effects of Global Warming #5


A phenomenal change in the temperature and level of rainfall may cause the outbreak of many diseases like malaria. It is thus important to save our environment and reduce the emission of carbon in the atmosphere. We can do this by:

  • Using cleaner sources of energy like solar and wind energy
  • To use car pooling or public transport
  • To save electricity
  • By planting trees

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The blanket of air that surrounds the Earth is known as the atmosphere. It exists in several layers. The atmosphere is made of many gases and solid particles. Read more

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