Clouds are masses of small water droplets or small crystals of ice that float in the atmosphere away from the surface of the Earth. When warm air rises into the sky, it cools down and condenses into small droplets of water around dust particles floating in the air. When billions of droplets of water come together around dust particles, clouds are formed. Different Types of Clouds are
Types of Clouds based on their shapes
- Cirrus Clouds: These clouds are wispy and fleecy like wool, generally formed at higher altitudes.
- Cumulus Clouds: They are like cauliflower in shape and are rain-bearing clouds.
- Stratus Clouds: These clouds are stratified or layered. They often cover the whole sky.
Types of Clouds based on their height in the atmosphere
- Low Clouds: These are generally rain-bearing clouds. Their bases are less than 2 km above sea level. Example: Cumulus
- Middle Clouds: These generally lie between 2 km and 6 km above sea level. Example: Altocumulus
- High Clouds: These lie more than 6 km above sea level. They are generally made of ice crystals. Example: Cirrostratus
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When billions of droplets of water come together around dust particles, clouds are formed. There are three different Shapes of Cloud.