Types of Clouds

Clouds are masses of small water droplets or small crystals of ice that float in the atmosphere away from the surface of the Earth. When warm air rises into the sky, it cools down and condenses into small droplets of water around dust particles floating in the air. When billions of droplets of water come together around dust particles, clouds are formed. Different Types of Clouds are


Types of Clouds based on their shapes

  • Cirrus Clouds: These clouds are wispy and fleecy like wool, generally formed at higher altitudes.
  • Cumulus Clouds: They are like cauliflower in shape and are rain-bearing clouds.
  • Stratus Clouds: These clouds are stratified or layered. They often cover the whole sky.

Types of Clouds based on their height in the atmosphere

  • Low Clouds: These are generally rain-bearing clouds. Their bases are less than 2 km above sea level. Example: Cumulus
  • Middle Clouds: These generally lie between 2 km and 6 km above sea level. Example: Altocumulus
  • High Clouds: These lie more than 6 km above sea level. They are generally made of ice crystals. Example: Cirrostratus

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8 Forms of Precipitation

Various forms of Precipitation are 1. Rain: It is the most common form of precipitation. The droplet of water that precipitates from clouds is known as rainfall.

What is Humidity?

Evaporation changes the water from the liquid form to the gaseous form. Water vapour which is present in the atmosphere is known as humidity.

4 Facts about the Exosphere

The exosphere is the uppermost layer of the Earth. Light gases such as helium and hydrogen float into space from this layer because of the lack of gravity.

What are 3 Cloud Shapes?

When billions of droplets of water come together around dust particles, clouds are formed. There are three different Shapes of Cloud.

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