Workers and Types of Workers: Any person who is involved in a productive activity that contributes to the flow of goods and services in an economy is called a worker. In other words, a worker is an economic agent who contributes to the production of goods and services and, thereby, to the GDP during a particular year. A worker renders services to others and, in turn, receives rewards in the form of wages or salaries, or in kind.
So, according to this definition, thieves, smugglers, beggars, gamblers, etc., cannot be termed, workers. Such people are not involved in any legal productive activity that contributes to the national income of the country.
In addition to individuals who receive salaries and wages in return for their services, there are individuals who are self-employed; for example, those running their own businesses or those working on their own farms. These people are also termed, workers.
Types of Workers
Types of Workers #1
Self-employed workers: This category includes individuals engaged in their own business or profession. For example, the owner of a factory, the owner of a shop, and a farmer working in his own field are all self-employed workers.
Types of Workers #2
Hired workers: This category includes individuals who work for somebody else. They provide their services to others in return for income in the form of salaries and wages. For example, a person working in a factory, a person working in another person’s field, or a doctor working in a hospital are all hired workers.
Types of Hired Workers
Casual workers: This subdivision includes individuals who are hired on a daily basis by their employers and work for daily wages. These individuals are often unskilled workers. For example, a person working at a construction site is a casual worker. Such workers are deprived of the benefits of social security such as provident funds, gratuity, and pension.
Regular workers: This subdivision includes individuals who are permanently hired by their employees. These individuals are skilled workers. Such workers are entitled to the various benefits of social security such as provident fund, gratuity, and pension.
Even after 74 years of Independence, India is still struggling with the problem of poverty. 5 Ways to Reduce Poverty are as follows…
Even after 74 years of Independence, India is still struggling with the problem of poverty. Many reasons can be attributed to the problem of poverty. Some of the Causes of Poverty in India are discussed below.
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