The process in which water gets heated and enters the atmosphere in the form of water vapour is known as evaporation. The heating of oceans, seas, lakes, and rivers causes evaporation.
Factors that lead to the higher rate of evaporation
- Humidity: It is maximum when the air is dry and less humid.
- Supply of Heat: High temperature or heat results in an increased pace of evaporation.
- Winds: Strong and dry winds cause quick evaporation of water. This is the reason that clothes dry quickly when the winds are strong.
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Various forms of Precipitation are 1. Rain: It is the most common form of precipitation. The droplet of water that precipitates from clouds is known as rainfall.
Evaporation changes the water from the liquid form to the gaseous form. Water vapour which is present in the atmosphere is known as humidity.
The exosphere is the uppermost layer of the Earth. Light gases such as helium and hydrogen float into space from this layer because of the lack of gravity.
When billions of droplets of water come together around dust particles, clouds are formed. There are three different Shapes of Cloud.