Need for an Independent Judiciary in India: An independent Judiciary is an essential part of a federal system. As such, disputes regarding the interpretation of the Constitution and the division of powers between the center and the states necessitate an impartial Judiciary.
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The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more
The High Courts and Subordinate Courts
The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more