Difference between Council of Ministers and Cabinet in the Central Executive

Difference between Council of Ministers and Cabinet in the Central Executive:

(i) The Council of Ministers consists of all categories of Ministers. On the other hand, the cabinet is a smaller group consisting of some 25 senior Ministers.

(ii) In the day-to-day working of the Government the Council of Ministers as a whole rarely meets. The Cabinet on the other hand meets as frequently as possible.

(iii) The Council of Ministers as a whole rarely meets, it is the Cabinet Ministers who are consulted by the Prime Minister for information and advice which he needs. The Cabinet is an inner body within the Council of Ministers and exercises all powers on its behalf.


Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

India has a parliamentary form of government in which the Prime Minister is the real head of the country. The President is the nominal head who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister. Read more

The High Courts and Subordinate Courts

The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more

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