Security Council is an executive body of the United Nations. It consists of 15 members. It has five permanent members—China, France, Russia, Britain and the United States of America. Ten other non-permanent members consist of 5 members from the Afro-Asian countries, 2 members from the Latin American countries, 2 members from the West European countries and 1 member from the East European countries.
Each member has one vote. The decision in the Security Council is taken after at least nine members vote in its favour including the permanent members. All five permanent members have veto power. If any one of the five permanent nations casts a negative vote on a decision, the decision does not pass.
Functions of the Security Council
The Main functions of the Security Council are as follows:
- To maintain international peace and security,
- To investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international tension or conflicts To establish plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments,
- To take military action against an aggressor,
- To recommend the admission of new members,
- To recommend the appointment of the Secretary-General and with the Assembly elect the Judges of the International Court of Justice.
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