The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was set up by the UN General Assembly to help children who suffered during the Second World War. It also catered to the needs of the children in post-war Europe. Later, it began fulfilling the needs of all developing nations in the world. Currently, the agency is known as the United Nations Children’s Fund.
It is headquartered in New York and has more than 200 offices in developing countries. UNICEF depends on voluntary contributions made by the governments of many countries, donations made by private agencies, the sale of greeting cards and various fundraising activities.
The objective of UNICEF is to look after the welfare of children, especially in developing countries. This is done by providing low-cost community-based services in child health, nutrition and vaccination.
Functions of UNICEF
The Main Functions of UNICEF are as follows:
- It protects children who struggle for survival, have health concerns and look after their well-being.
- It provides services in primary health care, nutrition, basic education and sanitation in developing countries.
- It also provides funds for training health and sanitation workers, teachers and nutritionists.
- It provides technical supplies and stationery material related to education such as paper and textbooks.
- It also provides help to children during emergencies arising from natural calamities, civil wars and the spread of epidemics.
- It takes several steps to prevent diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria and skin diseases.
- It also speaks on behalf of children and upholds the Convention on the Rights of the Child and works for its implementation.
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