Fundamental Duties

Rights and duties go hand in hand. While the citizens of the country have been given certain fundamental rights, they also need to perform certain duties. The fundamental duties were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. Some duties of the citizens are

  • To follow the Constitution and to respect the national flag and national anthem
  • To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India
  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom
  • To defend the country and to render national service when called upon to do so
  • To promote harmony and spirit of fraternity among all people of India
  • To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
  • To protect and improve our natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife
  • To develop scientific spirit, inquiry and reform
  • To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity
  • The duty of a parent or guardian is to provide opportunities for educating his/her child aged between six and fourteen

Importance of Fundamental Duties

  • To make citizens aware of their social and economic obligations
  • To instil a feeling among the people to protect and awaken the people to their cultural heritage
  • To tame unruly elements in society
  • To strengthen national harmony
  • To protect and awaken people to their cultural heritage
  • Fundamental duties help in fostering cooperation between the citizens and the state. These fundamental duties are not enforceable by law.

Fundamental Rights

The independence of many Asian and African nations did not result in the establishment of democracy and liberal institutions in all countries. The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10th December 1948 which stressed providing basic rights to humans. The Constitution of India incorporated the basic human rights from the French Revolution and the American Constitution. Fundamental rights are included in the Constitution of India in Part III, Articles 12−35. Read more

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