The Vice-President of India is elected by an ‘Electoral College’ consisting of members of both the Houses of Parliament. The procedure of his election consists of a secret ballot proportional representation and a single transferable vote. An absolute majority of votes polled is required for the election of the Vice-President of India.
Functions of the Vice-President of India
(i) The Vice-President of India is the Ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. He presides over the meetings of the Rajya Sabha.
(ii) The Vice-President of India officiates as the President for six months till a new President is elected.
(iii) The Vice-President can also act as a President when the latter is unable to discharge his functions due to illness, resignation, removal, and absence. When the Vice-President discharges the functions of the President, he is entitled to the same privileges and powers.
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