State three consequences of emergency declared under article 356?

Question: When can a General or National Emergency be declared? State three consequences of emergency declared under article 356 of the constitution?

Answer: Emergency Arising Out of the Failure of Constitutional Machinery: If the President is satisfied either on the recommendation of the Governor or otherwise that the Constitutional machinery in State has broken down, he may place that State under Presidential Rule. Such an emergency is proclaimed under Article 356 of the Constitution.

Consequences of emergency declared under article 356

(i) The Union (Central Government) assumes control over all functions in the State administration except for the judicial ones.

(ii) The Governor of the State acts in accordance with the instructions and directions issued from time to time.

(iii) During the President’s rule in a state, the Governor, being an Agent of the Centre, takes over the reins of administration into his own hands.


The President and the Vice President

The President is the head of the Indian Union and is the supreme commander of the defense forces of India. The President is elected indirectly by the members of the Electoral College. Read more

Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

India has a parliamentary form of government in which the Prime Minister is the real head of the country. The President is the nominal head who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister. Read more

The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more

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