Mention the reason, when can General or National Emergency be declared

Question: Mention the reason, when can General or National Emergency be declared and three consequences of emergency declared under Article 352 of the Constitution?

Answer: General or National Emergency: The President may declare a General Emergency at any time if he is satisfied that the security of India or any part is in danger or is likely to be in danger either due to war or external aggression or armed rebellion.

This type of emergency is proclaimed under Article 352 of the Constitution. If an emergency under Article 352 is declared, it has the following impacts:

(i) The President becomes the sole administrator of the country.
(ii) The Federal structure of the country is converted into a unitary one.
(iii) The Governor of the States acts in accordance with his instructions.
(iv) The exercise of Fundamental Rights including the Right to Constitutional remedies is suspended.


The President and the Vice President

The President is the head of the Indian Union and is the supreme commander of the defense forces of India. The President is elected indirectly by the members of the Electoral College. Read more

Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

India has a parliamentary form of government in which the Prime Minister is the real head of the country. The President is the nominal head who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister. Read more

The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more

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