Indian System of Medicine

The Indian System of Medicine (ISM) can be traced back to ancient times. It constitutes the following six systems of medicine.

  • Ayurveda
  • Yoga
  • Siddha
  • Naturopathy
  • Unani
  • Homoeopathy

Indian System of Medicine


Indian System of Medicine #1

Ayurveda is one of the traditional systems of medicine that is still used in India. It is a holistic way to achieve health through body, mind and spirit. Ayurvedic practitioners recommend diet and lifestyle changes along with drug therapy. They have identified a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for curing various ailments and diseases. Moreover, the methods of this system such as massage and applying herbs can also be used along with other systems.

Indian System of Medicine #2

Yoga as an art originated and was practised in India for thousands of years. It has references in ‘Upanishads’ and ’Puranas’ composed by Indian Aryans in the Vedic period. The main credit for systematising yoga goes to Patanjali who wrote ‘Yoga Sutra’, two thousand years ago. Yoga Sutra is the most important basic text on Yoga. It is through this means that the essential message of yoga is spread throughout the world. It is defined as an art of righteous living or an integrated system for the benefit of the body, mind and inner spirit.

Indian System of Medicine #3

Siddha comes from the word ‘Siddhi’ which means an object to attain perfection or heaven. This is the oldest among the Indian Medical Systems namely Ayurveda and Unani. It is also known as Siddha Vaidya. Nowadays, people’s preference for natural health remedies and herbal health remedies is increasing, Siddha has emerged as an important and unique system of Indian medicine when compared to other traditional medical systems in existence.

Indian System of Medicine #4

Naturopathy deals with the healing power of nature. It assumes that all healing powers lie within the human body. This means that within every human there is healing energy. Naturopathy regards that when we go against nature only then do we fall ill. ‘Fasting’ has been described as Nature’s way to recover. A thorough rest that includes fasting is the most favourable condition in which an ailing body can purify and recover itself.

Indian System of Medicine #5

Unani has a long and impressive record in India. It was introduced in India around the 10th century A.D. with the spread of Islamic civilisation. Now Unanipathy has become an important part of Indian Systems of Medicine. India is one of the leading countries in terms of its popularity. It is very much similar to our Ayurveda. Unani established that disease is a natural process and that the symptoms are the reactions of the body to the disease.

Indian System of Medicine #6

Homoeopathy consists of two words ‘Homeo’ meaning similar and ‘Pathos’ meaning suffering or treatment. In this system, a drug and a disease that produce similar symptoms cancel each other. It is popular among people due to its remarkable healing capacity. Also, its remedies are free from any side effects.


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