Wastes emanating from various large and small-scale industries are known as industrial wastes.
Types of Industrial Wastes
Industrial wastes can be categorized into the following groups depending on the nature of the industry:
- Mining: Wastes generated during mining activities are known as mining wastes. Many chemicals and liquids get discharged leading to the deterioration of land and water resources.
- Cement Industry: These industries discharge fine dust particles which can cause serious health hazards.
- Oil Refineries: These industries cause serious environmental problems. They generate wastes such as organic sulphur compounds, hydrocarbons, and organic acids.
- Construction Sites: The wastes include bricks, plastics, pipes, roofing, and insulating materials.
- Paper Industry: The effluents of the industry include sulphur dioxide and chlorine which can endanger the lives of aquatic organisms.
- Textile Industry: Its wastes include effluents resulting from the boiling and processing of fibres.
- Chemical Industries: These industries include manufacturing industries and fertilizer and pesticide industries.
- Metal industries: These industries produce wastes containing copper, lead, acids, chromium, and zinc which can affect the life of aquatic animals
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