Mediterranean Regions

Vegetation that grows in a natural region without any human interference is known as natural vegetation. A natural region is a basic geographic unit that is characterized by its common natural features of geography, geology, and climate. Climate is a basic factor upon which natural regions are divided. It influences flora, fauna, and vegetation in the region. Climate is classified on factors such as temperature, winds, pressure, humidity, rainfall, landforms, types of soil, natural vegetation, and wildlife. Based on these factors, the world is divided into various natural regions such as the equatorial region, tropical grasslands, tropical deserts, tropical monsoon type of climate, the Mediterranean region, China type of climate, temperate grasslands, temperate deserts, and taiga and tundra regions.


Mediterranean Regions


Natural Vegetation in the Mediterranean Regions

  • The vegetation in the region is of the deciduous type. It is adapted to withstand long periods of summer drought.
  • Main species of trees are oak, oleander, beech, ash and cork. Olive and eucalyptus are the most commonly found trees.
  • In Europe, most of the natural vegetation has been replaced by cultivation of fruits such as oranges, lemon and grapes.

Mediterranean Regions Climate

Summers are hot, and the region experiences rainfall during winters.

Human Adaptation

  • Many crops are grown in the region owing to warm summers and cool winters. Fruits such as oranges, lime, grapes and lemons are grown.
  • Wheat, barley, rice, cotton and tobacco are generally cultivated.

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