When Parliament can make laws on the subjects entered in the State list

Question: Mention three instances when the Parliament can make laws on the subjects entered in the State list

Answer: The Parliament can make laws on a subject included in the State List in the following three instances:

(i) The Parliament can legislate even on subjects included in the State List during the Proclamation of a National Emergency under Art. 352.

(ii) When the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a two-thirds majority that a subject in the State List has assumed national importance, the Union Parliament can legislate on that subject.

(iii) When two or more States are of the opinion that the Parliament should Legislate on a subject given in the State List, the Parliament may make an Act on that subject but that would be applicable only to the consenting States.


The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the head of the Indian judiciary and supervises the functions of the lower courts. A single civil and criminal system of laws operates all over the country. By the way of appeal, cases from the High Court may be taken to the Supreme Court. Read more

The High Courts and Subordinate Courts

The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more

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