The President is an integral part of the Parliament which consists of the President, the Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha. Need for Indirect Election of the President is discussed below
Need for ‘Indirect Election’ of the President
The President of India is elected indirectly in accordance with proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote. The President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and elected members of the Assemblies of the States.
The value of the vote of an elected member of the Vidhan Sabha is worked out by adopting the following formula:
The value of the elected Members of Parliament is worked out as per the formula:
With this arrangement, it has been ensured that the value of the vote of an M.L.A. is proportionate to the population he represents.
On the other hand, the voting power of all the elected members of the Parliament is made equal to the voting power of all the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies in the country so that the States should not have an upper hand in the election of the President.
The election of the President is conducted on the basis of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote. The ballot is secret. The candidate who secures votes more than or equal to the quota of votes is declared elected. If at the first court no candidate secures the required quota of votes the candidate securing the least number of votes is eliminated and his votes are transferred among other candidates. According to the second preference on the ballot papers of the candidate who gave him the first preference. The process of elimination and transfer of votes continues till such a candidate is found.
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