Problems Faced by Indian Farmers

Problems Faced by Indian Farmers include Lack of irrigation facilities, Unreliable rainfall, etc. Indian Farmers generally use old and inefficient techniques. In this article, we have discussed all problems faced by Indian farmers.

Problems Faced by Indian Farmers

Environmental Factors

  • Unreliable rainfall
  • Lack of irrigation facilities
  • Soil erosion
  • Reduction in net sown area

Institutional Factors

  • Small and fragmented land holdings
  • Exploitation of farmers

Economic Factors

  • Subsistence agriculture
  • Challenges posed by globalization

Technological Factors

Use of old and inefficient techniques by Indian farmers

Steps Taken to solve the Problems faced by Indian Farmers

  • Introduction of various reforms such as the abolition of the Zamindari Act.
  • Consolidation of fragmented land holdings
  • Creation of irrigation infrastructure
  • Announcement of minimum support prices
  • Provision of subsidies to farmers for purchasing fertilizers and seeds

Green Revolution

Green Revolution is a term that is used to describe a manifold increase in farm production in India. Its main features are

  • Use of large-scale capital and technological inputs
  • Use of high-yielding seed varieties
  • Use of chemical fertilizers and extensive irrigation facilities
  • Adoption of modern scientific methods of farming

Impact of the Green Revolution

  • Owing to large production, the Green Revolution changed Indian agriculture from subsistence farming to commercial and market-oriented farming.
  • Creation of more employment opportunities.
  • Farmers were benefited by increased productivity leading to rural prosperity.
  • It made India self-sufficient in food grains.
  • However, the Green Revolution was criticized by environmental scientists because of land degradation caused by overuse of fertilizers and decease in soil fertility due to over irrigation.


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