Right Against Exploitation (Articles 23 and 24)

The right against exploitation provides freedom from slavery, beggary, or other forms of forced labor. It also prohibits the trafficking of human beings.

Fundamental Rights

The independence of many Asian and African nations did not result in the establishment of democracy and liberal institutions in all countries. The United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10th December 1948 which stressed providing basic rights to humans. The Constitution of India incorporated the basic human rights from the French Revolution and the American Constitution. Fundamental rights are included in the Constitution of India in Part III, Articles 12−35.

Right Against Exploitation (Articles 23 and 24)

  • Article 23 provides freedom from slavery, beggary or other forms of forced labor. It also prohibits trafficking of human beings.
  • Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below 14 years of age in factories, mines and other hazardous occupations.
  • Also Read Constitution – Directive Principles of State Policy

Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles 29 and 30)

  • Article 29 gives people the right to preserve their language, script and culture.
  • Article 30 gives minorities the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Limitations on the Fundamental Rights

Fundamental rights are not absolute keeping in mind the general welfare of the people. These are

  • Fundamental rights could be suspended during emergency. The rights of citizens are restored as soon as emergency is over.
  • The Parliament has the power to modify the application of fundamental rights to the members of the armed forces, police forces or intelligence organisations so that they are able to ensure proper discharge of their duties and maintain discipline among them.
  • Laws such as Defence of India Act and National Security Act curtail the use of the fundamental rights to safeguard the interests of the nation.
  • Fundamental rights can be suspended when emergency is declared by the President under Article 352. During emergency, the legislature can frame any laws. Citizens have no protection against the executive or legislative authorities.
  • Also Read Fundamental Duties

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