About 2,000 seals were discovered from the sites of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Most of these seals were rectangular and square in shape. They bear the images of one-horned bull, goat, tiger, elephant, and rhinoceros. The western part of the city was built on the higher platform known as the citadel. These seals reveal the trade, religious beliefs, and script of the people. The seal with an image of Pashupati shows that perhaps people believed in lord Shiva. Seals also tell us about the trading practices of the period. The discovered seals show that the Harappans were trading with other civilizations as many Harappan seals were found in Mesopotamia.
Shiva Pashupati seal of Harappan Civilization
A particular seal discovered, bears a remarkable figure of a male deity, identified as Lord Shiva. The figure is tri-faced with horns on either side of his headdress, is seated in a yogic posture on a throne surrounded by animals. The discovery of a large number of conical and cylindrical stones that resemble the Shiva Linga suggests that the Harappan people worshipped Lord Shiva.
The Harappan Civilization is called so because the civilization was first unearthed at Harappa in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. In 1862, Sir Alexander Cunningham noticed the traits of the cities. Read more
The Mauryan Empire is regarded as the first and one of the greatest empires in India. It is called an empire because it annexed and brought several smaller states under its control. Read more
The weakness of the Delhi Sultanate and political disunity thereafter led to the establishment of Mughal rule in India. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur after he defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. Read more
The empire which ruled North India from AD 1206 to AD 1526 was known as the Delhi Sultanate because Delhi was their capital (the seat of their empire) and the kings were known as Sultans. Read more