Silk Textile Industries in India

India is one of the largest producers of silk in the world. It manufactures four varieties of silk—mulberry, eri, tussar and muga. The first modern silk industry was set up at Howrah by the East India Company.

Mulberry Silk

This silk accounts for about 90% of the total natural produced silk in India. Mulberry silk is produced from silkworms which are reared from mulberry trees. The rearing of silkworms for producing silk is known as sericulture. Mulberry silk is produced mainly in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Jammu and Kashmir.

Problems Faced by the Silk Industry

  • Competition from artificial silk
  • Import of better quality and cheap raw silk from China
  • No systematic testing and grading of silk
  • Lack modern power looms for increasing production

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Woollen Industry in India

The woollen industry in India is not as developed as the cotton textile industry because the demand for woollen clothes is less as they are required only for three to four winter months mainly in northern India.

Jute Industry in India

Jute Industry is the second important agro-based industry in India after the cotton textiles industry. It is one of the principal earners of foreign exchange.