The sepoys were ordered to use new Enfield Rifles, the cartridges of which were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them and felt the English were defiling their religion.
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The Indian National Congress in its initial years was dominated by the early nationalists who wanted self-government for the Indians. They believed in agitating within constitutional limits. After 1905, emerged nationalist leaders who believed in the radical policy. They wanted complete independence from British control. Read more