What do Articles 1 and 2 of the Declaration of Human Rights state?

Article 1 of the Declaration states that ‘all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights’. There are certain rights of the individual which are inherent in his personality. Man is a moral and rational being and this very state entitles him to the enjoyment of certain rights. Since these rights are derived from the inherent dignity of the human person, they should be available to all persons equally, everywhere, and at all times.

Article 2 of the Declaration states that ‘Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or another status’. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the political, jurisdictional, or international status country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust or self-governing, or under any other limitation of sovereignty.


Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Human rights refer to freedoms and rights which should be available to all human beings irrespective of their caste, class, gender, and religion. These rights include the right to life, the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to equality, the right to education, etc. Read more

The High Courts and Subordinate Courts

The Constitution of India has provided for a High Court for each state. However, there may be one High Court for two states or union territories. This depends on the area and the population of the state or union territory. There are 21 High Courts in India. Delhi is the only union territory that has a High Court of its own. Read more

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