Which organ of the UN fights for human rights? Explain

The United Nations has created many specialized agencies for the implementation of the various programmes relating to human rights of the people of different regions of the world and of different sections of society like minorities, women
and children.

The Economic and Social Council [ECOSOC] is an important organ of the UNO, set up in 1946, which checks the violation of the Universal Human Rights and tries to establish a free world for the world citizens to live.

The ECOSOC has established a special commission known as the “Commission on Human Rights” which is responsible for submitting proposals, recommendations, and investigation reports and human rights issues to the General Assembly. The Commission’s headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. It bears complaints from one signatory state against another about the violation of the terms of the treats. It has done a commendable job in:

(i) Preventing arbitrary detention
(ii) In eliminating racial discrimination
(iii) Protecting the rights of women, children, minorities, disabled persons, and workers.


Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Human rights refer to freedoms and rights which should be available to all human beings irrespective of their caste, class, gender, and religion. These rights include the right to life, the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to equality, the right to education, etc. Read more

The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more

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