Bring out the differences between Racial Discrimination and Apartheid

Racial Discrimination means any distinction, exclusion, or restriction based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition or enjoyment, on equal footing of human rights. Racial
discrimination denies fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, or any other field of public life.

Apartheid is a state-imposed system of racial discrimination, practiced in South Africa. Under Apartheid, black or coloured South Africans, the overwhelming majority of the people in the country, were denied fundamental liberties and rights. They were not allowed to participate in the political life of the country and were subject to various repressive laws and regulations. There were separate townships, buses, coaches, trains, park benches, toilets, shops, hospitals, sports grounds, schools, and even churches for each of the races. Any marriage between the whites and the non-whites was not allowed. In short, the whites considered themselves the master race and the non-whites as inferior beings.


Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Human rights refer to freedoms and rights which should be available to all human beings irrespective of their caste, class, gender, and religion. These rights include the right to life, the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to equality, the right to education, etc. Read more

The Union Legislature

The Union Parliament consists of the President and two houses—The House of People commonly known as the Lok Sabha and the Council of States known as the Rajya Sabha. The Parliament is a body of people’s representatives who have the supreme power and authority of governance in a democratic country. Read more

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