Harappan trade and commercial activities

The Harappan Civilization covered the parts of Punjab, Haryana, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Western Uttar Pradesh. After Partition, Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Chanudaro, and Sutkagendor have become parts of Pakistan. Manda, Banawali, Kalibangan, Alamgiri, Lothal, Rupara and Rangpur are in India. Let’s talk about Harappan trade and commercial activities

Harappan trade and commercial activities

  • There is enough evidence to prove that the people of the Harappan Civilization had trade relations with many countries of Asia.
  • Within the Indus Valley Civilization, trade was carried out in stone, metal and shell. It is believed that barter trade existed at this time.
  • Cities of Harappa, Mohenjo-daro and Lothal produced tools, weapons, kitchenware and other tools.
  • Rice was perhaps imported to Punjab from Gujarat.
  • Harappa, Mohenjo-daro, Banawali and Balakot were centres of bangle making. Bead making was done exclusively in Lothal and Chanudaro.
  • Lothal, Surkotda and Balakot were some centres which had trade relations with Mesopotamia and West Asian countries. A trading colony was set up in northern Afghanistan to facilitate trade with Central Asia.
  • The Harappans imported gold from North Karnataka and Afghanistan, and copper from Rajasthan, south India, Baluchistan and Arabia.

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